Forklift Safety - Proper Handling of Loads


Forklift Safety - Proper Handling of Loads

Forklift Safety - Proper Handling of Loads

25th Nov 2018

To handle a load safely, the forklift operator must consider several hazards ranging from improper load weights, to blind spots, as well as ground hazards. When lifting, moving, or lowering a load, it is essential to operate the forklift carefully in order to maintain stability. This safety training examines the proper way to load, transport, and unload when operating a forklift.

To Load;

- Fasten your seat belt.

- Make sure the load is within the estimated load capacity of the forklift. The plate on the forklift indicates the maximum weight that can be carried - never exceed it!

- Use the proper device to lift the type of load, such as a carpet retaining nail, or a cylinder anchor.

- Make sure the load is stable and centered and accommodate or lash uneven or loose loads.

- Open forks as wide as possible for even distribution and load stability.

- Approach the load straight and insert the forks at an appropriate distance to ensure that the load platform is completely over the forks. Be careful not to damage materials that are stacked next to the load platform.

- Drive under the load until it lightly touches the fork carriage.

- If the load is not balanced, keep the heavier end closer to you. Tilt the mast back.

- Lift the load and tilt it back a little further before starting to move.

To transport the load

- Keep forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid possible ground hazards.

- Remember that the tops of forklifts are heavy. Transport the load low and tilted back.

- Be careful when transporting a load on an uneven surface, because it could create a risk of tipping over.

- Do not carry anything in the top cover.

- Travel in reverse if the load blocks your view.

- Always look in the direction you are traveling.

- Keep your arms and legs inside the forklift.

- Never try to reach for anything in the mast area to accommodate the load.

- Do not raise or lower the load while it is moving.

- Use a helper if you can't see well.

- Be careful and adjust your handling and speed to current weather conditions, especially on wet surfaces.

To Download;

- Turn the forklift slowly into position, placing it in its place of delivery.

- If you are unloading into a truck and trailer:

- Before driving, visually inspect the inside of the trailer to make sure the box is in good condition and of adequate height to accommodate the forklift;

- make sure that the wheels behind the trailer are on, that the brakes are on, and that the unloading plate is secure and does not move;

- move slowly, put the load in position, tilt it forward until it is equal to the surface of the place of unloading;

- then lower the load and release it.

- If you are discharging a charge in a battery:

- Place the forklift in the proper position before lifting the forks;

- Make sure there is enough room upstairs before lifting the load;

- Raise the load and place it at the correct height - 2 inches above the stack;

- leave 2 to 3 inches free on the sides and back of the load;

- Position the load slowly;

- Tilt the load forward and then lower it;

- level the forks so that they are no longer tilted;

- slowly remove the forks.

- If you are unloading on a trailer or in a pile:

- before putting the forklift in reverse, check the distance behind you, honk the horn, and with the reverse alarm sounding, slowly back up as you look over your shoulder; and

- Once there are no obstacles, stop the forklift and lower the forks as low as possible. On a flat floor, lower them until they are 2 to 5 inches off the floor. On uneven terrain, lift forks higher to accommodate uneven terrain.

This is a fast start manual ideal for every forklift driver. Those are not the only precautions you should take, but one of the most important. Remember to always stay safe.