The forklift battery is one of the most important components of a forklift that is key for efficient operations. There are many factors to consider while selecting the ideal forklift batteries.
To begin with, you have the option to choose between the two common types of forklift batteries- lithium-ion batteries or lead-acid batteries.
Even though they both perform the same functions they normally have several key differences, let's take a look at some of them.
Lead Acid Batteries
Lead-acid batteries are the most common forklift batteries and have a lifespan of 1,500 cycles. They have cells filled with a liquid electrolyte made of sulfuric acid and water that discharges electric charge to power the forklift once the battery is charged. It takes about 8 hours to fully charge a lead-acid battery.
Since they have evolved with the forklift, they offer much more reliable forklift specific battery technology and are also inexpensive.
One major advantage they have is they are very heavy and therefore provide counter-balanced forklifts stability thanks to the extra weight.
Lithium-ion batteries, on the other hand, are a relatively new entrant in the market and have been growing in popularity over the last several years.
They offer a lifespan of up to 3,000 cycles and are mostly made of the lithium-iron-phosphate which they use to generate a charge that powers the forklift.
Thanks to this composition they are known to charge very fast. You can expect them to be fully charged between 1-2 hours of charging. They also offer a much higher energy density and require very little maintenance.
However, they are much lighter in comparison to the lead-acid batteries.
Choosing the ideal forklift battery, however, extends beyond just the type of battery to several other factors;
Voltage Capacity: For the battery to charge your forklift, the voltage capacity should match that of your forklift. Forklift battery voltage usually ranges from 12 volts to 48 volts.
Connector Specifications: When making a purchase always ensure you specify the position where the battery cable connects to the forklift truck and the battery cable length.
Matching Dimensions: The dimensions on the forklift should match those of the truck's battery compartment for it to fit. You must, therefore, measure the battery compartment to help you with your purchase decision.
Battery Weight: If the battery is lighter than is specified by the manufacturer then the forklift will be unstable and can expose you to fatal accidents. Before purchasing a forklift battery ensure you check the specifications on your forklift data plate for information on battery weight.
Charger Specifications: Charging a forklift battery with the wrong charger often leads to damage. Always ensure the output voltage of your charger matches the voltage on the battery.
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